Factors affecting the organizational readiness to design autonomous machine systems: Towards an evaluation framework

Valtteri Vuorimaa, Eetu Heikkilä, Hannu Karvonen, Kari Koskinen, Jouko Laitinen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Increasing autonomy of machine systems is a major trend in industry. It is foreseen to improve efficiency and safety of operations, but also to introduce new kinds of socio-technical challenges and risks. To address these challenges, development organizations need a set of capabilities, processes and tools to achieve the needed readiness for designing autonomous machine systems (AMS). In this study, the key challenges, design approaches and proposed solutions were studied by performing a series of semi-structured interviews with companies working in the domain of mobile machines that are in different phases of development and deployment of AMS. Based on literature and interview findings, a set of factors affecting the organizational readiness to design AMS were identified. These factors can be used within organizations to perform assessments of their capability in design-related aspects of AMS, and further to develop an evaluation framework or tool for more comprehensive organizational assessments.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntelligent Systems and Applications - Proceedings of the 2020 Intelligent Systems Conference IntelliSys Volume 3
EditorsKohei Arai, Supriya Kapoor, Rahul Bhatia
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-55190-2
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-55189-6
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
EventIntelligent Systems Conference - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 3 Sept 20204 Sept 2020

Publication series

NameAdvances in Intelligent Systems and Computing
Volume1252 AISC
ISSN (Print)2194-5357
ISSN (Electronic)2194-5365


ConferenceIntelligent Systems Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


  • Autonomous systems
  • Engineering and design
  • Readiness

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science(all)


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