Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterProfessional


In most international indexes and comparisons (e.g., the EIU Democracy
Index; World Press Freedom index; Reuters Digital News reports), Finland
is usually among the top performers together with its Nordic neighbours.
Because of these excellent track records in the field of media, communication
and democracy as well as a long shared history and close cultural ties, the
four largest Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) are
commonly categorised as media welfare states, which means they understand
communication services as public goods, foster freedom from editorial
interference, cultural policies for media pluralism and consensual solutions
between the stakeholders.
Indeed, Finland has had strong geopolitical motives to identify itself as a
Nordic country, especially right after World War II, when the idea of a Nordic
welfare state offered “a third way” between communism and capitalism.
Solutions and policies, first mostly developed in Sweden, were eagerly adopted
and adapted by its neighbouring countries. Although in Finland the Social
Democratic Party never reached the same kind of hegemony as in Sweden and
Norway, by the end of the 1980s the Nordic countries had developed rather
similar media and cultural policy solutions, including support systems for
pluralistic media markets.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedia Platformisation and Finland
Subtitle of host publicationHow platforms have impacted on the Finnish mediasphere and public life
EditorsEsa Sirkkunen, Minna Horowitz, Hannu Nieminen, Irina Grigor
PublisherUniversity of Tampere
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-03-2111-6
ISBN (Print)978-952-03-2110-9
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2021
Publication typeD2 Article in professional manuals or guides or professional information systems or text book material


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