Fluid flow simulations meet high-speed video: Computer vision comparison of droplet dynamics

S. Kulju, L. Riegger, P. Koltay, K. Mattila, J. Hyväluoma

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)


    Hypothesis: While multiphase flows, particularly droplet dynamics, are ordinary in nature as well as in industrial processes, their mathematical and computational modelling continue to pose challenging research tasks - patent approaches for tackling them are yet to be found. The lack of analytical flow field solutions for non-trivial droplet dynamics hinders validation of computer simulations and, hence, their application in research problems. High-speed videos and computer vision algorithms can provide a viable approach to validate simulations directly against experiments. Experiments: Droplets of water (or glycerol-water mixtures) impacting on both hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces were imaged with a high-speed camera. The corresponding configurations were simulated using a lattice-Boltzmann multiphase scheme. Video frames from experiments and simulations were compared, by means of computer vision, over entire droplet impact events. Findings: The proposed experimental validation procedure provides a detailed, dynamic one-on-one comparison of a droplet impact. The procedure relies on high-speed video recording of the experiments, computer vision, and on a software package for the analyzation routines. The procedure is able to quantitatively validate computer simulations against experiments and it is widely applicable to multiphase flow systems in general.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)48-56
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2018
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Computer vision
    • Droplet
    • Experimental
    • High-speed video
    • Hydrophobic
    • Lattice Boltzmann
    • Simulation

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Biomaterials
    • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
    • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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