Fractal analysis and ferroelectric properties of Nd(Zn1/2Ti1/2)O3(NZT)

Kouros Khamoushi, Cristina Serpa

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The challenges in productivity of satellite mobile devices are growing rapidly to overcome the question of miniaturization. The intention is to supply the electrical and microwave properties of materials by discovering their outstanding electronic properties. Neodymium Zinc Titanate (NZT) can be a promising ferroelectric material due to its stable dielectric and microwave properties. The grain size and shape of NZT have a strong influence on overall material performances. Therefore, shape, reconstruction and property of the coming compound take an important part and can be predicted before being utilized in the devices. The significant of this research is to define ferroelectric properties of NZT and to characterize it by using Fractal Nature Analysis (FNA). FNA is a powerful mathematical technique that could be applied to improve the grain shape and interface reconstruction. The fractal structure is identified by its self-similarity. The self-similarity of an object means a repetition of shapes in smaller scales. A measure of this structure is computed using the Hausdorff dimension. It is for the first time in this investigation the Fractal analysis method is applied for the microwave materials microstructure reconstruction which makes this research an innovative work and will open the door for Curie–Weiss law fractal correction. In connection to our previous research for dielectric properties fractalization, we had some characterization and reconstruction data which include the Hausdorff dimension (HD).
Original languageEnglish
Article number2250167
Number of pages19
JournalModern Physics Letters B
Issue number36
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Fractal analysis
  • Hausdorff dimension
  • NZT
  • Dielectric
  • Ferroelectric
  • Microstructure
  • Microwave materials

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1


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