Gain-Scheduled Composite Nonlinear Feedback Control of an Exothermic Chemical Reactor

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    Abstract

    This paper studies gain-scheduled composite nonlinear feedback (CNF) control of a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR). Inside the reactor, an exothermic chemical reaction occurs, which is commanded from high to low residual concentration. During the transition, the reaction dynamics change through stable-unstable-stable chain while the residual concentration decreases. Therefore, appropriate cooling is necessary to stabilize the reaction, and to prevent a thermal runaway and overheating of the CSTR. A full-state gain-scheduled CNF controller is designed for adjusting the coolant temperature of the CSTR. A traditional gain-scheduled cascade controller and a gain-scheduled model predictive controller (MPC) are also fabricated for comparison. The simulation results show that the closed-loop system using CNF controller is able to offer the best tracking performance as measured by the integral-of-absolute-error (IAE) criterion. In addition, the CNF controller needs fewer scheduled tuning parameters as opposed to the cascade structure.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEuropean Control Conference, ECC2016
    PublisherIEEE
    Number of pages7
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5090-2590-9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    Publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventEuropean Control Conference -
    Duration: 1 Jan 1900 → …

    Conference

    ConferenceEuropean Control Conference
    Period1/01/00 → …

    Keywords

    • Constrained control
    • Process control
    • Chemical process control

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 1

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