Geographic distribution and time trends of water-pipe use among Iranian youth and teenage students: A meta-analysis and systematic review

Sima Afrashteh, Akram Ansarifar, Mohebat Vali, Leila Nami Nazari, Nasrin Keshtkar, Sara Memar, Elham Mohebbi, Maryam Hadji, Afshin Ostovar, Kazem Zendehdel, Maryam Marzban

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

Abstract

Water-pipe tobacco smoking is harmful to health, yet its rate of prevalence remains uncertain. Recent evidence has shown that the prevalence of water-pipe smoking among students is higher than in the general population. In this study, a systematic review of related literature on water-pipe use was conducted, and for this purpose, 76 articles were examined in the study. In this vein, geographic distribution and time trends of water-pipe consumption in Iran were considered. The results of this study showed that lifetime, last-year, and last-month prevalence of water-pipe smoking use among Iranian students were 28.78 (25.07–32.49), 20.84 (16.01–25.66), and 16.36 (11.86–20.85), respectively. The results also showed a wide variation by the region and sex in Iran. This study has shown the importance of addressing public prevention and alerting programs in schools and universities.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJOURNAL OF ETHNICITY IN SUBSTANCE ABUSE
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Sep 2021
Publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

Keywords

  • Iran
  • prevalence
  • Student
  • water-pipe smoking

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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