Glucose management team significantly improves glycaemic care and commitment to in-hospital guidelines within arthroplastic patients

Marianne Ylikoski, Heidi Immonen, Raine Tiihonen, Markku J. Kauppi, Heini Huhtala, Janne J. Jokinen, Jorma Lahtela

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Background: Perioperative dysglycaemias are a risk for harm but guidelines to improve glucose management are poorly adhered to. Aim: To determine whether a specialized team and diabetes education improves the implementation of guidelines and glucose values. Methods: We conducted a prospective study of 611 nonselected, consecutive patients attending for elective hip or knee arthroplasty. The first 209 patients received conventional care and the following 402 patients received intervention (Acute Glucose Service, AGS) in two chronological groups; either perioperatively (AGS1) or also preoperatively (AGS2). The AGS-team provided diabetes education, identified the patients with diabetes risk and adjusted the medication when needed. Capillary plasma glucose (CPG) was repeatedly measured and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) obtained before and after the surgery. The study objectives were to evaluate the staff actions when hyperglycaemia was severe (CPG >10 mmol/L), and to assess improvement of the glycaemic values and the complication rate within 3 months. Results: None of the severely hyperglycaemic events in the reference group were treated according to guidelines. In the AGS 1 group, 50% and in the AGS2 group, 53% were appropriately managed (p <.001). The events of hyperglycaemia (CPG >7.8 mmol/L at least twice) and of severe hyperglycaemia (CPG >10 mmol/L) decreased in all patient groups. The medians of the highest, mean and variability of CPG values improved. The mean HbA1c improved significantly within AGS 2. There was no association between improved glycaemic care and early complications. Conclusions: AGS intervention significantly improves adherence to guidelines and glucose values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-336
Issue number3
Early online date2021
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • diabetes
  • diabetes education
  • glucose management
  • hyperglycaemia
  • implementation of guidelines
  • perioperative

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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