Healthcare-associated blood stream infections in hematological patients in Finland during the years 2006-2016

Emilia Åttman, Jaana Syrjänen, Outi Lyytikäinen, Jukka Ollgren, Marjatta Sinisalo, Risto Vuento, Erja Mattila, Reetta Huttunen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Objectives: The aim was to identify the clinical characteristics, outcome, and antimicrobial susceptibility of healthcare-associated bloodstream infections (BSIs) in hematological patients. Methods: This retrospectively collected laboratory-based surveillance data include 3404 healthcare-associated BSIs in 2296 patients with a hematological malignancy in hospitals participating in the Finnish Hospital Infection Program from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2016. Results: The most common underlying diseases were acute myelogenous leukemia (35%) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (22%). Gram-positive organisms accounted for 60%-46% and gram-negative organisms for 24%-36% of BSIs in 2006-2016. The most common causative organism was coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) (n = 731). The 7- and 28-day case fatality rates were 5.2% and 11.4%, respectively, and was highest in BSIs caused by Candida species (10.8% and 30.8%). The median age of patients increased from 59 years in 2006-2008 to 62 years in 2015-2016 (P <.01). Five percent of S aureus isolates were resistant to methicillin and five percent of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates were multidrug-resistant. Four percent of Klebsiella and seven percent of E coli isolates were resistant to ceftazidime. Conclusions: The proportion of gram-positive bacteria decreased and gram-negative bacteria increased over time. The case fatality rate was low and the median age of patients increased during the study.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • bacteremia
  • healthcare-associated
  • hematological
  • incidence density
  • resistance rate

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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