How do we identify the crashing traumatic brain injury patient: the neurosurgeon's view

Jussi P. Posti, Rahul Raj, Teemu M. Luoto

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)
    14 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview on recent advances in the field of assessment and monitoring of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) in neurocritical care from a neurosurgical point of view. RECENT FINDINGS: In high-income countries, monitoring of patients with sTBI heavily relies on multimodal neurocritical parameters, nonetheless clinical assessment still has a solid role in decision-making. There are guidelines and consensus-based treatment algorithms that can be employed in both absence and presence of multimodal monitoring in the management of patients with sTBI. Additionally, novel dynamic monitoring options and machine learning-based prognostic models are introduced. Currently, the acute management and treatment of secondary injury/insults is focused on dealing with the objective evident pathology. An ongoing paradigm shift is emerging towards more proactive treatment of neuroworsening as soon as premonitory signs of deterioration are detected. SUMMARY: Based on the current evidence, serial clinical assessment, neuroimaging, intracranial and cerebral perfusion pressure and brain tissue oxygen monitoring are key components of sTBI care. Clinical assessment has a crucial role in identifying the crashing patient with sTBI, especially from a neurosurgical standpoint. Multimodal monitoring and clinical assessment should be seen as complementary evaluation methods that support one another.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)87-94
    Number of pages8
    JournalCURRENT OPINION IN CRITICAL CARE
    Volume27
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021
    Publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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