How to Get Things Done in Social Virtual Reality – A Study of Team Cohesion in Social Virtual Reality–Enabled Teams

Osku Torro, Jani Holopainen, Henri Jalo, Henri Pirkkalainen, Antti Lähtevänoja

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Social virtual reality (SVR) enables teams to
operate in a virtual environment that simulates and
enhances real-world interactions. However, there is
an absence of empirical analysis of how SVR can
affect the performance of virtual teams. This paper
documents how SVR affects the formation of team
cohesion (i.e., task cohesion and social cohesion),
which is a critical success factor for team
performance. To address this gap in the research, we
conducted a qualitative study by interviewing 20
members from virtual teams assigned to perform a
challenging collaborative task in SVR. As a
contribution, our study identifies five primary
affordances and 11 sub-affordances for team cohesion
in SVR. We also found that team cohesion
actualization was limited in the use of SVR
environments of our study. However, we conclude that
hindrances to team cohesion formation in SVR can be
mitigated by focusing on the further development of
material properties of SVR.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 55th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
EditorsTung X. Bui
Pages470-479
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-9981331-5-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
EventHawaii International Conference on System Sciences -
Duration: 3 Jan 20227 Jan 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
ISSN (Electronic)2572-6862

Conference

ConferenceHawaii International Conference on System Sciences
Period3/01/227/01/22

Keywords

  • virtual reality
  • social virtual reality
  • team cohesion
  • virtual teams

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

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