HTC Vive as a Ground-Truth System for Anchor-Based Indoor Localization

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The last decade has seen a surge in the popularity of indoor localization systems. Researchers and companies keep searching for technologies that can locate users on a large scale with low costs and the highest possible accuracy. When evaluating the accuracy of a localization system, there is a trade-off between the cost and labor involved in acquiring ground-truth measurements. The cheapest option is to acquire measurements in fixed spots and manually compute their true location in a local coordinate system using distance measuring tools. However, this method is prone to human errors and has a high setup overhead. In contrast, high-end motion capture systems are easy to set up but have prohibitive prices. A middle-of-the-road solution is to use a consumer-grade motion capture system such as the HTC Vive which, although designed for virtual reality video games, can be adapted for scientific applications. We propose a ground-truth system for anchor-based indoor localization systems which builds on the HTC Vive and we demonstrate its use on ultra-wideband (UWB) localization. We apply Procrustes Analysis to bring location data sets into the coordinate system of a room, in order to easily overlap, visualize, and analyze measurements. We use the HTC Vive to acquire the locations of UWB anchors, which allows users to quickly test which hardware placement yields the lowest localization error. The resulting ground-truth system costs under 1000, has an average accuracy of more than 5 mm, is easy to set up, and can be used for both static and dynamic measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 12th International Congress on Ultra Modern Telecommunications and Control Systems and Workshops, ICUMT 2020
PublisherIEEE
Pages214-221
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781728192819
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020
Publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Congress on Ultra Modern Telecommunications and Control Systems and Workshops -
Duration: 1 Jan 2000 → …

Publication series

NameInternational Congress on Ultra Modern Telecommunications and Control Systems and Workshops
Volume2020-October
ISSN (Print)2157-0221
ISSN (Electronic)2157-023X

Conference

ConferenceInternational Congress on Ultra Modern Telecommunications and Control Systems and Workshops
Period1/01/00 → …

Keywords

  • Localization system
  • motion capture system
  • Ultra-Wideband (UWB)
  • Virtual Reality (VR)

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Control and Systems Engineering

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