Human CPPED1 belongs to calcineurin-like metallophosphoesterase superfamily and dephosphorylates PI3K-AKT pathway component PAK4

Antti M. Haapalainen, Ravindra Daddali, Mikko Hallman, Mika Rämet

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)
    22 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Protein kinases and phosphatases regulate cellular processes by reversible phosphorylation and dephosphorylation events. CPPED1 is a recently identified serine/threonine protein phosphatase that dephosphorylates AKT1 of the PI3K-AKT signalling pathway. We previously showed that CPPED1 levels are down-regulated in the human placenta during spontaneous term birth. In this study, based on sequence comparisons, we propose that CPPED1 is a member of the class III phosphodiesterase (PDE) subfamily within the calcineurin-like metallophosphoesterase (MPE) superfamily rather than a member of the phosphoprotein phosphatase (PPP) or metal-dependent protein phosphatase (PPM) protein families. We used a human proteome microarray to identify 36 proteins that putatively interact with CPPED1. Of these, GRB2, PAK4 and PIK3R2 are known to regulate the PI3K-AKT pathway. We further confirmed CPPED1 interactions with PAK4 and PIK3R2 by coimmunoprecipitation analyses. We characterized the effect of CPPED1 on phosphorylation of PAK4 and PIK3R2 in vitro by mass spectrometry. CPPED1 dephosphorylated specific serine residues in PAK4, while phosphorylation levels in PIK3R2 remained unchanged. Our findings indicate that CPPED1 may regulate PI3K-AKT pathway activity at multiple levels. Higher CPPED1 levels may inhibit PI3K-AKT pathway maintaining pregnancy. Consequences of decreased CPPED1 expression during labour remain to be elucidated.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJOURNAL OF CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE
    Volume25
    Issue number13
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2021
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • AKT
    • CPPED1
    • interactomics
    • microarray
    • PAK4
    • phosphatase
    • phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase)
    • PIK3R2
    • placenta
    • protein-protein interactions

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Molecular Medicine
    • Cell Biology

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