Hydration of the chloride ion in concentrated aqueous solutions using neutron scattering and molecular dynamics

Eva Pluhařová, Henry E. Fischer, Philip E. Mason, Pavel Jungwirth

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    33 Citations (Scopus)


    Neutron scattering experiments were performed on 6 m LiCl solutions in order to obtain the solvation structure around the chloride ion. Molecular dynamics simulations on systems mirroring the concentrated electrolyte conditions of the experiment were carried out with a variety of chloride force-fields. In each case the simulations were run with both full ionic charges and employing the electronic continuum correction (implemented through charge scaling) to account effectively for electronic polarisation. The experimental data were then used to assess the successes and shortcomings of the investigated force-fields. We found that due to the very good signal-to-noise ratio in the experimental data, they provide a very narrow window for the position of the first hydration shell of the chloride ion. This allowed us to establish the importance of effectively accounting for electronic polarisation, as well as adjusting the ionic size, for obtaining a force-field which compares quantitatively to the experimental data. The present results emphasise the utility of performing neutron diffraction with isotopic substitution as a powerful tool in gaining insight and examining the validity of force-fields in concentrated electrolyte solutions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1230-1240
    Number of pages11
    JournalMolecular Physics
    Issue number9-10
    Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2014
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Chloride
    • Lithium
    • Molecular dynamics
    • Neutron scattering
    • Solution

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biophysics
    • Molecular Biology
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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