Hyperspectral imaging reveals spectral differences and can distinguish malignant melanoma from pigmented basal cell carcinomas: A pilot study

Janne Räsänen, Mari Salmivuori, Ilkka Pölönen, Mari Grönroos, Noora Neittaanmäki

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Abstract

Pigmented basal cell carcinomas can be difficult to distinguish from melanocytic tumours. Hyperspectral imaging is a non-invasive imaging technique that measures the reflectance spectra of skin in vivo. The aim of this prospective pilot study was to use a convolutional neural network classifier in hyperspectral images for differential diagnosis between pigmented basal cell carcinomas and melanoma. A total of 26 pigmented lesions (10 pigmented basal cell carcinomas, 12 melanomas in situ, 4 invasive melanomas) were imaged with hyperspectral imaging and excised for histopathological diagnosis. For 2-class classifier (melanocytic tumours vs pigmented basal cell carcinomas) using the majority of the pixels to predict the class of the whole lesion, the results showed a sensitivity of 100% (95% confidence interval 81-100%), specificity of 90% (95% confidence interval 60-98%) and positive predictive value of 94% (95% confidence interval 73-99%). These results indicate that a convolutional neural network classifier can differentiate melanocytic tumours from pigmented basal cell carcinomas in hyperspectral images. Further studies are warranted in order to confirm these preliminary results, using larger samples and multiple tumour types, including all types of melanocytic lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberadv00405
JournalActa dermato-venereologica
Volume101
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Basal cell carcinoma
  • Deep learning
  • Malignant melanoma
  • Neural network

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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