IL17RA variations showed no associations with post-bronchiolitis asthma or lung function

Eero Lauhkonen, Annukka Holster, Johanna Teräsjärvi, Kirsi Nuolivirta, He Qiushui, Matti Korppi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


BACKGROUND: Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) and IL-17F are involved with pathogenesis of asthma and allergy. Interleukin-17 receptor A (IL-17RA), encoded by the IL17RA gene, is a common receptor for IL-17A and IL-17F. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of IL17RA gene variations with asthma, allergy and lung function at school age in children prospectively followed-up after hospitalization for bronchiolitis in early infancy.

METHODS: Data on IL17RA rs4819553, rs4819554 and rs4819558 polymorphisms and clinical outcomes including asthma and allergic rhinitis were available for 145 former bronchiolitis patients at 5-7 years and for 125 at 11-13 years of ages. One-hundred children performed impulse oscillometry at 5-7 years and 84 performed flow-volume spirometry at 11-13 years of age. The IL17RA rs4819553, rs4819554 and rs4819558 were completely co-segregating in Finnish children in our previous studies.

RESULTS: The distributions of the studied IL17RA wild versus variant genotypes and major versus minor allele frequencies did not differ between bronchiolitis cases and population controls. In addition, these variations showed no significant association with asthma or allergic rhinitis nor with lung function reduction at 5-7 or 11-13 years of ages. Only 5.6% to 6.4% of the variations were homozygous.

CONCLUSION: The studied IL17RA gene variations showed no association with susceptibility to severe bronchiolitis in infancy, nor with post-bronchiolitis asthma or lung function at school age. Future studies should evaluate other IL17RA polymorphisms and include more cases and especially cases with homozygous variations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-201
Issue number2
Early online date12 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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