Impact and fatigue tolerant natural fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites by using non-dry fibres

Farzin Javanshour, Alexandros Prapavesis, Nazanin Pournoori, Guilherme Correa Soares, Olli Orell, Tuomas Pärnänen, Mikko Kanerva, Aart Willem Van Vuure, Essi Sarlin

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Abstract

This article introduces stiff and tough biocomposites with in-situ polymerisation of poly (methyl methacrylate) and ductile non-dry flax fibres. According to the results, composites processed with non-dry fibres (preconditioned at 50% RH) had comparable quasi-static in-plane shear strength but 42% higher elongation at failure and toughness than composites processed with oven-dried fibres. Interestingly, the perforation energy of flax–PMMA cross-ply composites subjected to low-velocity impact increased up to 100% with non-dry flax fibres. The in-situ impact damage progression on the rear surface of composites was evaluated based on strain and thermal field maps acquired by synchronised high-speed optical and thermal cameras. Impact-induced delamination lengths were investigated with tomography. Non-dry fibres also decreased the tension–tension fatigue life degradation rate of composites up to 21% and altered the brittle failure mode of flax–PMMA to ductile failure dominated by fibre pull-out.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107110
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume161
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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