Impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on emergency surgery services—a multi-national survey among WSES members

Martin Reichert, Massimo Sartelli, Markus A. Weigand, Christoph Doppstadt, Matthias Hecker, Alexander Reinisch-Liese, Fabienne Bender, Ingolf Askevold, Winfried Padberg, Federico Coccolini, Fausto Catena, Andreas Hecker, The WSES COVID-19 emergency surgery survey collaboration group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Background: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is a major challenge for health care services worldwide. It’s impact on oncologic therapies and elective surgery has been described recently, and the literature provides guidelines regarding appropriate elective patient treatment during the pandemic. However, the impact of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on emergency surgery services has been poorly investigated up to now. Methods: A 17-item web survey had been distributed to emergency surgeons in June 2020 around the world, investigating the impact of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on patients and septic diseases both requiring emergency surgery and the time-to-intervention in emergency surgery routine, as well as experiences with surgery in COVID-19 patients. Results: Ninety-eight collaborators from 31 countries responded to the survey. The majority (65.3%) estimated the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on emergency surgical patient care as being strong or very strong. Due to the pandemic, 87.8% reported a decrease in the total number of patients undergoing emergency surgery and approximately 25% estimated a delay of more than 2 h in the time-to-diagnosis and another 2 h in the time-to-intervention. Fifty percent make structural problems with in-hospital logistics (e.g. transport of patients, closed normal wards etc.) mainly responsible for delayed emergency surgery and the frequent need (56.1%) for a triage of emergency surgical patients. 56.1% of the collaborators observed more severe septic abdominal diseases during the pandemic, especially for perforated appendicitis and severe septic cholecystitis (41.8% and 40.2%, respectively). 62.2% had experiences with surgery in COVID-19-infected patients. Conclusions: The results of The WSES COVID-19 emergency surgery survey are alarming. The combination of an estimated decrease in numbers of emergency surgical patients and an observed increase in more severe septic diseases may be a result of the fear of patients from infection with COVID-19 and a consecutive delayed hospital admission and diagnosis. A critical delay in time-to-diagnosis and time-to-intervention may be a result of changes in in-hospital logistics and operating room as well as intensive care capacities. Both reflect the potentially harmful impact of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on emergency surgery services.

Original languageEnglish
Article number64
JournalWorld Journal of Emergency Surgery
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Appendicitis
  • Cholecystitis
  • COVID-19
  • Emergency surgery
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • WSES

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine


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