Improved protection of outdoor workers from solar ultraviolet radiation: position statement

S. M. John, C. Garbe, L. E. French, J. Takala, W. Yared, A. Cardone, R. Gehring, A. Spahn, A. Stratigos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)
51 Downloads (Pure)


The vast majority of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is attributable to excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR). Outdoor workers are exposed to an UVR dose at least 2 to 3 times higher than indoor workers and often to daily UVR doses 5 times above internationally recommended limits. The risk of UVR workplace exposure is vastly neglected, and the evident future challenges presented in this statement are contrasted with the current situation regarding legal recognition, patient care and compensation. While prevention is crucial to reduce cancer risks for outdoor workers, it is as much of relevance to better protect them through legally binding rules and regulations. Specific actions are outlined in five recommendations based on a Call to Action (table 1). The role of health professionals, including dermatologists, in this context is crucial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1278-1284
JournalJournal of the European academy of dermatology and venereology
Issue number6
Early online date2020
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • exposure
  • non-melanoma skin cancer
  • occupational disease
  • outdoor workers
  • prevention
  • regulations
  • ultraviolet radiation

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Infectious Diseases


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