In vitro anti-glioblastoma activity of L-valine derived boroxazolidones

Anisha Viswanathan, Giulia Sebastianelli, Kenna Brown, Jenna Raunio, Vili Sipilä, Olli Yli-Harja, Nuno R. Candeias, Meenakshisundaram Kandhavelu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In the present study, a series of L-valine derived boroxazolidones, previously synthesized and reported to have residual activity in a human epithelial cell line, have been evaluated in vitro for their anti-glioblastoma activity. A boroxazolidone derivative containing 2,4-difluorophenyl moieties (6) was found to have higher cytotoxicity than the standard drug, Temozolomide (TMZ). Compound 6 was found to exhibit dose-dependent growth inhibitory effects with an IC50 of 49 μM and 53 μM for LN229 and SNB19 cells, respectively. Additionally, 6 was assessed for its role in apoptosis, caspase 3/7 activation and oxidative stress in SNB19 and LN229 cells. SNB19 cells treated with 6 showed 45.3% apoptosis in the population, while TMZ had 24.7%. In LN229 cells, the percentage of apoptotic cells treated with compound 6 and TMZ were the same. Both 6 and TMZ induced apoptosis through the activation of caspase 3/7 in SNB19 and LN229 cells. Interestingly, 6 exhibited a higher effectivity in promoting reactive oxygen species production in LN229, while it was 6-fold less in SNB19. Boroxazolidone-treated GBM cell lines increased reactive oxygen species production, suggesting that such species may be interlinked with the observed programmed cell death. Additionally, the treatment of both GBM cell lines with 6 led to G2/M phase arrest. The magnitude of anti-GBM effect of 6 is significantly higher than the known chemotherapeutic agent TMZ. This work further demonstrates the anticancer properties of L-valine derived boroxazolidones, adding another potential derivative to the collection of promising chemotherapeutic agents for GBM treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-200
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jul 2019
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Apoptosis
  • Boroxazolidone
  • Cell cycle arrest
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Glioblastoma

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1


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