Inclusivity, Horizontal Homosociality and Controlled Participation of “The Others”: Negotiations of Masculinity and Ageing in Two Older Men’s Communities

Ilkka Pietilä, Hanna Ojala

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Abstract

Theories of inclusive masculinity and horizontal homosociality describe how previously marginalized forms of masculinity are becoming socially acceptable. Studies within these theoretical frameworks have largely focused on privileged groups of men and men’s changing attitudes towards homosexuality. This raises questions about the extent to which the theories apply to marginalized groups of men and other inequalities between men. In this article, we analyse ethnographic data from two Finnish older men’s communities that emphasize equality between men as an essential part of their ethos, and ask how inclusive practices and horizontal homosociality operate in these communities. Our intersectional analysis shows that older men’s communities may involve varying levels of inclusive practices that do not necessarily relate to sexuality but, instead, to other aspects of inequality. Future studies should consider the contextuality of men’s practices and the intersectional differences between men that are the subjects of these inclusive or exclusionary practices.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalNORA - Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • communities
  • ethnography
  • horizontal homosociality
  • inclusive masculinity
  • older men

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2

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