Influence of the imaginary component of the photonic potential on the properties of solitons in PT-symmetric systems

Chandroth P. Jisha, Lini Devassy, Alessandro Alberucci, V. C. Kuriakose

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Existence, stability, and dynamics of PT-symmetric fundamental bright solitons supported by localized super-Gaussian potentials in a focusing Kerr medium are investigated theoretically. We address how the shape and the magnitude of the transverse profile of the loss-gain distribution affect soliton stability. We find the stability region for nonlinear wave packets via a linear stability analysis, interpreting the insurgence of instability as an unbalanced flow of energy on the transverse plane. We confirm our results via numerical simulations, showing that an unstable soliton first undergoes longitudinal oscillations in propagation due to the interference between the soliton and the exponentially growing perturbation modes, eventually forming a highly localized single peak in the gain region.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number043855
    Number of pages9
    JournalPhysical Review A
    Volume90
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 27 Oct 2014
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • SPATIAL SOLITONS
    • LATTICES
    • REAL

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 2

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