The built environment and urban functions, including transportation, use notable amounts of material and energy resources. On the other hand, cities are an important source of technical and social skills, social well-being and economic innovation. The WHOLE project approaches the urban structure as a set of interactive spatial and functional networks, linkages of which direct resource generation and flows. The resource-efficiency of the urban structure is defined not only as saving and recycling re- sources, but also as their constant renewal. The main result of the project is the comprehensive re- source-efficiency model for urban structures, the WHOLE model. It conceptualises different decision types to improve resource-efficiency, presents an extensive plan of action for resource-efficiency that can be applied at different stages of design, management and projects, and suggests qualitative and quantitative indicators and calculation methods related to the plan. The project has also produced a model that combines material, immaterial and spatial resources, a qualitative evaluation model for transportation projects, and a GIS-based, modular calculation model for spatial resource efficiency. Integration between networks is suggested as a way of enhancing resource-efficiency. Instead of mere densification, the results of the project emphasise versatile network links, accessibility in broad sense and flexibility of structures in changing contexts.
|Translated title of the contribution||Comprehensive resource efficiency of the urban structure|
|Number of pages||134|
|Publication status||Published - 27 Sep 2017|
|Publication type||D4 Published development or research report or study|
|Name||Valtioneuvoston selvitys- ja tutkimustoiminnan julkaisusarja|