KLIC Score Does Not Predict Failure After Early Prosthetic Joint Infection: An External Validation With 153 Knees and 130 Hips

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: A preoperative risk score, the KLIC score (chronic renal failure [K], liver cirrhosis [L], indication of the index surgery [I], cemented prosthesis [C], and C-reactive protein >115 mg/L), has been developed to predict the risk of treatment failure after early prosthetic joint infection (PJI). This study aimed to validate the KLIC score for the debridement, antibiotics, and implant retention (DAIR) procedure and one-stage revisions in a Northern European cohort.

METHODS: Revisions due to early PJI of the hip or knee between January 1, 2008, and September 12, 2021, were identified retrospectively. The primary outcome was early failure, which was considered when the patient needed an unscheduled surgery, the patient died, or the patient was prescribed long-term suppressive antibiotics. To examine the association between KLIC score and failure risk, univariable logistic regression with area under the curve (AUC) was used. In addition, models were calibrated to assess prognostic ability and clinical utility was examined with decision-curve analyses.

RESULTS: An increase in KLIC score had a moderate predictive value for early failure after DAIR (odds ratio [OR] 1.45; confidence interval [CI] 1.13 to 1.90). For one-stage revision, it was only slightly predictive of failure (OR 1.20; CI 0.93 to 1.56). After 60 days, the AUC for DAIR was 0.63 (CI 0.55 to 0.72) and 0.56 (CI 0.46 to 0.66) for one-stage revisions, indicating poor discriminative ability. The decision-curve analyses revealed that the model did not offer a remarkable net benefit across a range of threshold probabilities.

CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that the KLIC score is not a reliable predictor of early failure after early PJI in a Northern European cohort. Using the model to guide treatment decisions does not provide any additional clinical utility beyond the baseline strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1563-1568.e2
JournalJ Arthroplasty
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 May 2024
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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