Lean and Sustainable Project Delivery in Building Construction: Development of a Conceptual Framework

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The shortage of constructive philosophies, principles, techniques, and tools in construction project delivery and sustainability before the 1990s, together with the abundance of them after 2000, creates two different eras which are of prime importance. The former one’s considerable advantage was a common understanding and set of practices (e.g., the critical path method for scheduling), which seems to be a goal to achieve in the later one. In this regard, the combination and integration of best practices, tools, and techniques in construction project delivery can be considerably helpful for benefiting from their advantages and covering their limitations. Thus, this study aims to develop a conceptual framework for lean and sustainable project delivery in building construction projects. To do so, a systematic literature review was carried out, through which 230 studies were located and analyzed via thematic analysis to realize the purpose of this study. The findings present a conceptual framework for project delivery which combines and integrates sustainability, lean construction, and building information modeling in terms of principles, practices, tools, and techniques. Practically, this study’s results inform practitioners in the construction industry on the lean and sustainable delivery of building construction projects.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1757
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Collaborative project delivery
  • Collaborative construction
  • Lean construction
  • Sustainable construction
  • building information modelling (BIM)

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1


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