Lensless broadband diffractive imaging with improved depth of focus: wavefront modulation by multilevel phase masks

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    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper introduces a novel lensless full colour diffractive computational imaging system with a planar Multilevel Phase Mask (MPM) as a diffractive optical element (DOE). The novelty concerns: a methodology of MPM design for improved depth of focus (DoF); design of PSFs for RGB imaging and an inverse imaging algorithm with sparse colour image modelling simultaneous for all RGB channels. MPMs are step-wise invariant. The cubic wavefront coding (WFC) is incorporated in MPMs with optimization of number of levels and width of invariant steps. This design of MPM makes the system robust with respect to defocus (improves DoF) and diminish chromatic aberrations typical for DOEs. Broadband multichannel test-images are exploited for design and testing of the lensless system. We consider two alternative optical setups: Wavelength Multiplexing (WM) and Wavelength Division (WD). In WM, the light beam is broadband multichannel with light sources radiating all wavelengths simultaneously and a CMOS sensor is equipped with a Bayer colour filter array (CFA) for registration of spectral measurements. In this setup, a single MPM is designed for the broadband multichannel light beams. In WD, separate exposures of RGB channels are registered by a broadband grey-scale CCD sensor. Different MPMs are designed for each of the RGB channels. Simulation experiments demonstrate the essentially extended DoF of the designed lensless systems and the advanced accuracy and quality of imaging with respect to the corresponding WM and WD systems with refractive lenses. Due to robustness of the designed lensless system to chromatic aberrations, this advantage has a place even with respect to the lens-system.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Modern Optics
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • chromatic aberrations
    • computational imaging
    • extended depth of focus
    • inverse imaging
    • Multilevel diffractive optical elements
    • multilevel phase mask design
    • wavefront coding

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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