Long-term adherence to inhaled corticosteroids and asthma control in adult-onset asthma

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Abstract

Background: In short-term studies, poor adherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) has been associated with worse asthma control, but the association of long-term adherence and disease control remains unclear.

Objective: To assess the relationship between 12-year adherence to ICS and asthma control in patients with adult-onset asthma.

Methods: As part of the Seinäjoki Adult Asthma Study, 181 patients with clinically confirmed new-onset adult asthma and regular ICS medication were followed-up for 12 years. Adherence (%) to ICS was assessed individually ((µg dispensed/µg prescribed)×100) during the follow-up. Asthma control was evaluated after 12 years of treatment according to the Global Initiative for Asthma 2010 guideline.

Results: Asthma was controlled in 31% and not controlled (partly controlled or uncontrolled) in 69% of the patients. Patients with not-controlled asthma were more often male, older, nonatopic and used higher doses of ICS than those with controlled disease. The mean±sd 12-year adherence to ICS was 63±38% in patients with controlled asthma and 76±40% in patients with not-controlled disease (p=0.042). Among patients with not-controlled asthma, those with lower 12-year adherence (<80%) had more rapid decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (-47 mL·year-1) compared to patients with better adherence (≥80%) (-40 mL·year-1) (p=0.024). In contrast, this relationship was not seen in patients with controlled asthma.

Conclusions: In adult-onset asthma, patients with not-controlled disease showed better 12-year adherence to ICS treatment than those with controlled asthma. In not-controlled disease, adherence <80% was associated with more rapid lung function decline, underscoring the importance of early recognition of such patients in routine clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
JournalErj Open Research
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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