MAG Welding Tests of Modern High Strength Steels with Minimum Yield Strength of 700 MPa

Teemu Lahtinen, Pedro Vilaca, Pasi Peura, Saara Mehtonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The modern high strength steel plates have an excellent combination of strength and toughness based on micro-alloying and complex microstructure. Retaining this combination of properties in the weld zone is a major challenge for applications in high-demanding structural construction. This work investigates the weldability of three different modern high strength steel plates, with a thickness of 8 mm. Two of the test materials were produced by a thermo-mechanically controlled process (TMCP) and one by a quenching and tempering method (Q&T). Two-passes MAG (metal active gas) welding was used with four different heat inputs. The tests implemented on all the materials included tensile, hardness profiles (HV5), Charpy-V impact toughness tests, and microstructure analysis using scanning electron microscope (SEM). For one of the TMCP steels, some extended tests were conducted to define how the tensile properties change along the weld line. These tests included tensile tests with digital image correlation (DIC), and 3-point bending tests. The most notable differences in mechanical properties of the welds between the materials were observed in Charpy-V impact toughness tests, mostly at the vicinity of the fusion line, with the Q&T steel more prone to embrittlement of the heat affected zone (HAZ) than the TMCP steels. Microstructural analysis revealed carbide concentration combined with coarse bainitic structures in HAZ of Q&T steel, explaining the more severe embrittlement. During the tensile tests, the DIC measurements have shown a strain localization in the softest region of the HAZ. Increasing the heat input resulted in earlier localization of the strain and less maximum strength. The tensile properties along the weld line were investigated in all welding conditions, and the results emphasize relevant and systematic differences of the yield strength at the transient zones near the start and end of the weld compared with the intermediate stationary domain.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1031
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalApplied Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2019
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • high strength steels
  • weldability
  • thermo-mechanically controlled process
  • quench and temper
  • MAG welding
  • digital image correlation
  • microstructure

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