Making Do as a Migrant in Morocco: Between Formal Recognition and True Integration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


The New Migration Policy developed from September 2013 onwards initiated a new approach to the presence of migrants in Morocco. It began a process that rendered it possible for migrants to attempt to access and maintain a regular migration status and transformed urban landscape in many cities across the country. However, a concrete policy on integration has not advanced. Drawing on long-term multi-sited ethnographic research, this article examines strategies migrants deploy to “make do” in Morocco: how they seek to integrate in the society despite the partiality, even absence of a formal framework that would regulate how to do so. It examines a context where immigration policy is a relatively recent development, integration strategies by the state are either in flux or absent altogether, yet which has for long been a region of concern for its neighbors in the North. This provides a setting where migrants strive to understand what is expected of them to become recognized as full participants in the society, and how they navigate at times conflicting demands.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-170
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies
Issue number2
Early online date28 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Migration
  • Integration
  • Intersectionality
  • migration policy
  • Morocco

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1


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