Wytwarzanie nowoczesności w języku potocznym: O oddolnych odłamach fińskiego socjalizmu w początkach XX wieku

Translated title of the contribution: Making of modernity in the vernacular: On the grassroots variations of Finnish socialism in the early twentieth century

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Abstract

The article scrutinises the concept of socialism at the grassroots of the Finnish labour movement during the early twentieth history. Primary sources consist of three handwritten newspapers, produced by industrial workers, housemaids and the rural proletariat. While factory workers could adopt the orthodox formulation of socialism from The Communist Manifesto, the socialism of the housemaids had a more existential function for it gave them a political voice to articulate a greater meaning in life that stood in sharp contrast to the silent servility demanded by their mistresses. The concept of socialism gained most explanatory breadth among the rural proletariat in north-eastern Finland, where it was used as an indicator of inequality locally, as a weapon in national elections and as a direct linkage to the international labour movement. The examples demonstrate that vernacular socialism was more multidimensional than what the contemporary critics and later researchers have suggested. The concept of socialism was one of the main tools in the making of proletarian modernity: It was used to claim political subjectivity in the public sphere, to imagine a gap between the old world left behind and the new coming world, and to extend their spatial horizons beyond the local community.

Translated title of the contributionMaking of modernity in the vernacular: On the grassroots variations of Finnish socialism in the early twentieth century
Original languagePolish
Pages (from-to)73-94
Number of pages22
JournalPraktyka Teoretyczna
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Grand Duchy of Finland
  • Handwritten newspapers
  • Modernity
  • Socialism
  • Workers

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 0

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Anthropology
  • History
  • Philosophy
  • Cultural Studies
  • Literature and Literary Theory

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