Mathematical modelling and virtual decomposition control of heavy-duty parallel–serial hydraulic manipulators

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This paper proposes a novel modelling approach for a heavy-duty manipulator with parallel–serial structures connected in series. Each considered parallel–serial structure contains a revolute segment with rigid links connected by a passive revolute joint and actuated by a linear hydraulic actuator, thus forming a closed kinematic loop. In addition, prismatic segments, consisting of prismatic joints driven by hydraulic linear actuators, also are considered. Expressions for actuator forces are derived using the Newton–Euler (N–E) dynamics formulation. The derivation process does not assume massless actuators decoupled from manipulator links, which is common in the Lagrange dynamics formulation. Actuator pressure dynamics are included in the analysis, leading in total to a third-order system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs). With fewer parameters than its predecessors, the proposed model in the N–E framework inspires revision of the virtual decomposition control (VDC) systematic process to formulate a control law based on the new model. The virtual stability of each generic manipulator revolute and prismatic segment is obtained, leading to the Lyapunov stability of the entire robot.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104680
Number of pages26
JournalMechanism and Machine Theory
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • mathematical modelling
  • multibody-system dynamics
  • hydraulic manipulators
  • virtual decomposition control
  • Lyapunov stability

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  • Publication forum level 1


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