Mechanical bowel preparation and oral antibiotics versus mechanical bowel preparation only prior rectal surgery (MOBILE2): A multicentre, double-blinded, randomised controlled trial—study protocol

Laura Koskenvuo, Pipsa Lunkka, Pirita Varpe, Marja Hyöty, Reetta Satokari, Carola Haapamäki, Anna Lepistö, Ville Sallinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) prior to rectal surgery is widely used. Based on retrospective data many guidelines recommend mechanical and oral antibiotic bowel preparation (MOABP) to reduce postoperative complications and specifically surgical site infections (SSIs). The primary aim of this study is to examine whether MOABP reduces complications of rectal surgery. The MOBILE2 (Mechanical Bowel Preparation and Oral Antibiotics vs Mechanical Bowel Preparation Only Prior Rectal Surgery) trial is a multicentre, double-blinded, parallel group, superiority, randomised controlled trial comparing MOABP to MBP among patients scheduled for rectal surgery with colorectal or coloanal anastomosis. The patients randomised to the MOABP group receive 1 g neomycin and 1 g metronidazole two times on a day prior to surgery and patients randomised to the MBP group receive identical placebo. Based on power calculations, 604 patients will be enrolled in the study. The primary outcome is Comprehensive Complication Index within 30 days after surgery. Secondary outcomes are SSIs within 30 days after surgery, the number and classification of anastomosis dehiscences, the length of hospital stay, mortality within 90 days after surgery and the number of patients who received adjuvant treatment if needed. Tertiary outcomes are overall survival, disease-specific survival, recurrence-free survival and difference in quality-of-life before and 1 year after surgery. In addition, the microbiota differences in colon mucosa are analysed. The Ethics Committee of Helsinki University Hospital approved the study. The findings will be disseminated in peer-reviewed academic journals. NCT04281667.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere051269
JournalBMJ Open
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • colorectal surgery
  • gastrointestinal tumours
  • surgery

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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