Microrobotic system for multi-rate measurement of bio-based fibres Z-directional bond strength

Seyed Kourosh Latifi, Pooya Saketi, Pasi Kallio

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


    The core content of this study is micro-testing of microscale objects - an emerging application area for microrobotics - where microrobotics has been used in paper industry for measuring properties at the single fibre level. Pulp and paper scientists are interested to have experimental data of single fibre-fibre bond strength distribution of paper/board products in different loading modes and rates. Meeting this demand is quite challenging since the system should be able to measure the bond strength i) in the individual fibre level, ii) in different loading modes, and iii) in different loading rates. The current methods of measurement do not satisfy all these three requirements. Among the four different loading modes, the Z-directional behaviour of paper/board products is a matter of high significance for papermaking and paper converting companies. The Z-directional properties influence compressive properties, and accordingly the performance of structural paper/board products. According to the literature, there is not any reported method to facilitate the measurement of Z-directional strength at the single fibre level in different loading rates. This paper reports an in-depth study of a measurement method for experimental evaluation of Z-directional individual fibre-fibre bond strength in multiple loading rates using microrobotics and a Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) film microforce sensor. The results from the measurement system are promising. In summary, the first concept for multi-rate measurement of Z-directional bond strength at the individual fibre level is developed during this work which has a high practical impact on the fibre characterization research field.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1
    Pages (from-to)13-26
    Number of pages14
    JournalJournal of Micro-Bio Robotics
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 24 May 2015
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Microrobotics
    • Micro-testing
    • Multi-rate microforce sensing
    • Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)
    • Z-directional strength

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 0

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Engineering


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