Microscale Strain Localizations and Strain-Induced Martensitic Phase Transformation in Austenitic Steel 301LN at Different Strain Rates

Lalit Pun, Guilherme Corrêa Soares, Suprit Bhusare, Matti Isakov, Mikko Hokka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Downloads (Pure)


Microscopic strain and strain-induced phase transformation during plastic deformation in metastable austenitic steel were investigated at different strain rates. Quasi in-situ tension tests were performed sequentially with well-defined elongation intervals at room temperature at strain rates of 10−3 s−1 and 10−1 s−1. The tests were monitored by high-resolution optical imaging with a microscopic lens at a resolution of 0.23 µm/pixel. The macroscopic temperature was also measured with an infrared (IR) camera. The microstructure-level strain localizations were observed on the surface of the etched specimens by means of microscale digital image correlation (µDIC). Additionally, the microstructure was characterized by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) at the same location before and after deformation. The results of the study indicated that microscopic strain localizations favored the formation of α′-martensite particles. At the lower strain rate, high local strain concentrations formed at several locations in the microstructure, correlating with the areas where the formation of large martensite islands occurred. Martensite particles of various sizes formed nearby each other at the lower strain rate, whereas at the higher strain rate, martensite islands remained small and isolated. Although the macroscopic increase in temperature at both the studied strain rates was very low, at the higher strain rate, local heating on the microscopic scale could take place at the newly nucleated martensite embryos. This inhibited the further growth of the martensite particles, and local strain distribution also remained more homogeneous than at the lower strain rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number207
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • digital image correlation
  • electron backscatter diffraction
  • in-situ
  • metastable austenitic 301LN steel
  • microscopic strain

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Metals and Alloys


Dive into the research topics of 'Microscale Strain Localizations and Strain-Induced Martensitic Phase Transformation in Austenitic Steel 301LN at Different Strain Rates'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this