Mid-Air Gestural Interaction with a Large Fogscreen

Vera Remizova, Antti Sand, I. Scott MacKenzie, Oleg Špakov, Katariina Nyyssönen, Ismo Rakkolainen, Anneli Kylliäinen, Veikko Surakka, Yulia Gizatdinova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Projected walk-through fogscreens have been created, but there is little research on the evaluation of the interaction performance with fogscreens. The present study investigated mid-air hand gestures for interaction with a large fogscreen. Participants (N = 20) selected objects from a fogscreen using tapping and dwell-based gestural techniques, with and without vibrotactile/haptic feedback. In terms of Fitts’ law, the throughput was about 1.4 bps to 2.6 bps, suggesting that gestural interaction with a large fogscreen is a suitable and effective input method. Our results also suggest that tapping without haptic feedback has good performance and potential for interaction with a fogscreen, and that tactile feedback is not necessary for effective mid-air interaction. These findings have implications for the design of gestural interfaces suitable for interaction with fogscreens.

Original languageEnglish
Article number63
JournalMultimodal Technologies and Interaction
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Fitts’ law
  • fogscreen
  • haptic feedback
  • mid-air hand gestures
  • touchless user interface

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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