Grid impedance and the output impedance of grid-connected inverter are important parameters for the operation of grid-connected systems, such as solar, wind, and other distributed-generation resource systems. The impedance mismatch between the grid and the interfacing circuit often generates harmonic resonances that lead to reduced power quality and even instability. Since the impedances usually vary over time as a function of many parameters, online measurements are required for stability assessment and adaptive control of the inverters. Several methods have been proposed for quick, accurate measurements of impedances, but the use of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) identification techniques have not been considered. Applying the MIMO techniques, different components of the inverter output impedance or grid impedance can be simultaneously measured during a single measurement cycle. Therefore, the operating conditions of the system can be kept constant during the measurements, and the overall measurement time is significantly reduced. This paper shows the use of orthogonal binary sequences to simultaneously measure the d and q components of grid-connected inverter output impedance and/or grid impedance. Experimental results based on a three-phase grid-connected inverter are presented and used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methods.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics|
|Early online date||9 Jun 2017|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
|Publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
Publication forum classification
- Publication forum level 3