Mobile device-based Bluetooth Low Energy Database for range estimation in indoor environments

Pavel Pascacio, Joaquín Torres-Sospedra, Antonio R. Jiménez, Sven Casteleyn

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The demand to enhance distance estimation and location accuracy in a variety of Non-Line-of-Sight (NLOS) indoor environments has boosted investigation into infrastructure-less ranging and collaborative positioning approaches. Unfortunately, capturing the required measurements to support such systems is tedious and time-consuming, as it requires simultaneous measurements using multiple mobile devices, and no such database are available in literature. This article presents a Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) database, including Received-Signal-Strength (RSS) and Ground-Truth (GT) positions, for indoor positioning and ranging applications, using mobile devices as transmitters and receivers. The database is composed of three subsets: one devoted to the calibration in an indoor scenario; one for ranging and collaborative positioning under Non-Line-of-Sight conditions; and one for ranging and collaborative positioning in real office conditions. As a validation of the dataset, a baseline analysis for data visualization, data filtering and collaborative distance estimation applying a path-loss based on the Levenberg-Marquardt Least Squares Trilateration method are included.

Original languageEnglish
Article number281
JournalScientific Data
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Information Systems
  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Library and Information Sciences


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