Multi-layer continuum model for adhesive films with knitted carrier

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Film adhesives are a form of composite consisting of two constituents i.e. fibrous carrier and matrix. The fracture surface are usually dominated by the carrier-matrix de-bonding, but it also co-exists with a minor failure related resin closer at the adhesive-adherend interface. This investigation aims a more realistic representation of the failure surfaces. For that, a 3D multi-layer approach of a FM 300-2 adhesive is defined where a non-local Continuum Damage Model (CDM) is developed accounting for the proper matrix mechanism defined with lower fracture energies. The carrier-matrix de-bonding was implemented by an in-built Cohesive Zone Modelling (CZM) at the interfaces of the matrix-carrier layers. For the characterization and validation, it was tested the Mode I fracture response of the adhesive in the joint form (butt joint, BJ, and double Cantilever beam, DCB) and bulk form (tensile tests). Numerical results with CZM-CDM implementation agreed with the experimental data in terms of load response and representation of the failure mechanisms, when correct material constants are applied. The multi-layer damage model was able to define strength and fracture properties of the matrix phase by the prediction of failure initiation in the BJ test. Consequently, the mechanism was able to reproduce the failures that occurred close to the adhesive-adherend interface.
Original languageEnglish
Article number109981
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2023
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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