Multiple jobholders and workplace learning

Anu Järvensivu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Purpose: The purpose of this research is to explore the career development and workplace learning of Finnish multiple jobholders who are university graduates. Design/methodology/approach: 45 in-depth interviews were conducted with graduate multiple jobholders in Finland. The transcripts were analyzed by abductive content analysis using the Chaos Theory of Careers. Research participants were recruited via social media, invitations, snowball sampling and through networks. Findings: Meaningful work was the attractor, the central factor in the decision to be a multiple jobholder. Interviewees attempted to adjust to future changes through their learning and choice of jobs and reported on their role as creators of future working life. Interviewees regarded organizing of their work and timetable as a core competency with their identity closely linked to their competencies and networks. Research limitations/implications: The author acknowledges that the national context of Finland is unusually favorable to those becoming multiple job holders. Practical implications: The identification of meaningful work as the key attractor, the intention to adapt to future contexts and the specifying of organization of work and timetabling as core competencies in multiple jobholding have clear practical implications at the national, local, organizational and individual levels. Originality/value: Little has previously been known of the role of multiple jobholding as a facilitator in skill development and limited knowledge of how the various jobs combine into one portfolio. Previous studies have focused on individuals who take a second job to earn more money. Elite multiple jobholding has attracted little research attention yet seems to have an important role in achieving changes in society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-40
JournalDevelopment and Learning in Organizations
Issue number1
Early online date26 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Chaos theory of careers
  • Professional identity
  • Workplace learning

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 0

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Library and Information Sciences


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