Near-ground propagation in automotive radar and communication obstructed deployments: Measurements and modelling

Dmitrii Solomitckii, Vasilii Semkin, Matias Turunen, Markus Allén, Mikko Valkama

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Wireless communication and radars will play a crucial role for autonomous vehicles in the nearest future. However, the blockage caused by surrounding cars can degrade communication performance, while automotive radars are never aimed to operate in such conditions. Therefore, in this paper, the authors propose the concept of near-ground propagation, reducing the blockage effect in the road traffic conditions. Specifically, the radio waves may freely propagate under the blocking car's bottom if the antennas are placed as low as possible to the road. Based on the measured and modelled results presented in the paper, it may be claimed that near-ground communication and radar sensing are feasible and may combat even heavily obstructed cases. Nevertheless, some challenges associated with antenna locations were encountered. For example, it was discovered that antenna height at 0.5 m acts less effectively against blockage than at 0.3 m. Next, the 27 dB excess loss at the 0.5 m antenna height in the radar deployment is larger than 17 dB at 0.3 m. In its turn, the higher ground clearance of the blocking vehicle positively affects the near-ground performance. Additionally, the signal propagation at the grazing angle crucially reduces the relevant losses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-326
JournalIET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • automotive communication
  • automotive radar
  • blockage
  • millimeter-wave
  • near-ground

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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