Neighborhood-based factors predicting attendance of early childhood education and care in a universal system: A case of Finland

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Abstract

This study investigates neighborhood-based predictors of attending early childhood education and care (ECEC) in a universal ECEC system. We used child-specific data (N = 1409) from a parent survey conducted in 2019 in Finland combined with zip code data to examine the extent to which neighborhood urbanicity and socioeconomic status (SES) are associated with attendance of ECEC at the age of four. Using binomial logistic regression, we investigated attendance of formal ECEC services in general and center-based ECEC in particular. The results show that neighborhood urbanicity was associated with attendance of ECEC even when family-based variables were controlled. Neighborhood SES was associated with attendance of ECEC only when center-based ECEC was examined in particular. The results highlight the importance of recognizing local barriers to attending different kinds of ECEC services beyond family characteristics, including in universal ECEC systems.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Educational Research
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Aug 2023
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2

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