Nonaccidental Violence Among Elite Athletes in Finland: Associations With Sport Conditions and Mental Well-Being and Ill-Being

Satu Kaski, Ulla Kinnunen

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to study the prevalence of nonaccidental violence among elite athletes in Finland, the predisposing factors to violence, and its consequences for mental well-being and ill-being. A total of 2,045 Finnish athletes participated in the study. Logistic and linear regression analyses were used to analyze the associations. The results indicated that 38.8% had experienced psychological abuse, 14.7% bullying, 13.3% gender-based harassment, and 5.5% sexual harassment. Female and younger athletes reported more violent experiences than male and older athletes. A team’s safe atmosphere and readiness to act protected athletes from nonaccidental violence, whereas the coach did not play a role. Nonaccidental violence, particularly psychological abuse, was associated with reduced mental well-being and increased ill-being. Our results suggest that it is worth investing in the team’s mutual relationships and safe cooperation when ensuring appropriate behavior and preventing nonaccidental violence among athletes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-501
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Clinical Sport Psychology
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • bullying
  • harrasment
  • psychological abuse

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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