Nurses' perceptions to alleviate dyspnoea in inpatients with advanced cancer while receiving palliative care

Johanna Kero, Jaana-Maija Koivisto, Siew Hwa Lee, Elina Haavisto

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Abstract

Aim: To explore nurses' perceptions to alleviate dyspnoea in inpatients with advanced cancer while receiving palliative care. Design: A descriptive qualitative design. Methods: Seven focus groups were conducted with nurses (n = 27) from five specialized palliative care wards in four hospitals in south and southwest Finland. The focus groups were conducted between June and November 2019, and the transcripts were analysed using inductive analysis. Results: The findings revealed three categories: recognizing dyspnoea is a multi-faceted problem, dealing with the complexity of assessment of dyspnoea and strategies for relieving dyspnoea. Nurses perceived the complexity of dyspnoea as a symptom and emphasized the importance of utilizing patients' subjective experiences and consistent assessment scales to determine its severity. Furthermore, nonpharmacological interventions are as pertinent as pharmacological and medical interventions. The findings can assist nurses in selecting appropriate interventions for dyspnoea care, ultimately enhancing the quality of patient care and patient safety.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2038
JournalNursing Open
Volume11
Issue number1
Early online date28 Nov 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • cancer
  • dyspnoea
  • nurses' perceptions
  • palliative care
  • qualitative research

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing

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