Observed optical resolution of light field display: Empirical and simulation results

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Light field (LF) displays are a promising 3D display technology to mitigate the vergence-accommodation conflict. Recently, we have proposed a simulation framework to model an LF display system. It has predicted that the in-focus optical resolution on the retina would drop as the relative depth of a rendered image to the display-specific optical reference depth grows. In this study, we examine the empirical optical resolution of a near-eye LF display prototype by capturing rendered test images and compare it to simulation results based on the previously developed computational model. We use an LF display prototype that employs a time-multiplexing technique and achieves a high angular resolution of 6-by-6 viewpoints in the eyebox. The test image is rendered at various depths ranging 0–3 diopters, and the optical resolution of the best-focus images is analyzed from images captured by a camera. Additionally, we compare the measurement results to the simulation results, discussing theoretical and practical limitations of LF displays.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStereoscopic Displays and Applications XXXIV Conference Overview and Papers Program
PublisherSociety for Imaging Science and Technology
Pages391-1 - 391-6
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023
Publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
EventStereoscopic Displays and Applications: The World's Premier Conference for 3D Innovation - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 15 Jan 202319 Jan 2023

Publication series

NameElectronic Imaging
ISSN (Print)2470-1173


ConferenceStereoscopic Displays and Applications
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco


  • Light field display
  • 3D display
  • Vergence-accommodation conflict
  • Optical resolution

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1


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