Offshoring versus backshoring: Empirically derived bundles of relocation drivers, and their relationship with benefits

Malin Johansson, Jan Olhager, Jussi Heikkilä, Jan Stentoft

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    45 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper describes an empirically derived classification of the various factors that influence offshoring and backshoring decisions based on data from 275 offshoring and 160 backshoring projects. The study developed one set of factor bundles for offshoring and another set of such bundles for backshoring; these sets were then compared, and their relationships with post-relocation benefits were analyzed. These benefits were also grouped into bundles based on the empirical relationships. This research contributes an empirically derived classification scheme of decision factors for both offshoring and backshoring as well as an analysis of the relationships between decision factors and benefits for each type of relocation direction.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number100509
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Purchasing & Supply Management
    Volume25
    Issue number3
    Early online date2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • Decision-making, Empirical research, Manufacturing relocation, Rightshoring, Survey

    Publication forum classification

    • Publication forum level 2

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Business and International Management
    • Decision Sciences (miscellaneous)

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