On Applicability of Imagery-based CNN to Computational Offloading Location Selection

Aleksandr Ometov, Anzhelika Mezina, Jari Nurmi

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The progress in computational offloading is heavily pushing the development of the modern Information and Communications Technology domain. The growth in resource-constrained Internet of Things devices demands the development of new computational offloading strategies to be sustainably integrated in beyond 5G networks. One of the solutions to said demand is enabling Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) powered by advanced methods of Machine Learning (ML). This paper proposes the application of ML-powered computational offloading strategy in a wireless cellular network by applying the traditional fundamental Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP) on computational offloading location selection. The main specificity of the proposed approach is the use of imagery data. Thus, the paper executes a literature review to identify existing strategies. It further proposes a novel method utilizing the location-like imagery data to identify the most suitable computational location by executing the search for an identified route between locations using the proposed Deep Learning (DL) model. The model was evaluated and achieved MAE – 1,575, MSE – 10 119 205, R2 – 0.98 on the testing dataset, which outperforms or is comparable with other well-known architectures. Moreover, the training time is proven to be 2-10 times faster. Interestingly, the MAE values are relatively low compared to the target values that should be predicted (despite rather high MSE results), which is confirmed by the almost perfect R2 value. It is concluded that the proposed neural network can predict the target values, and this solution can be applied to real-world tasks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2433-2444
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Access
Early online date26 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Computational offloading
  • Machine Learning
  • Mobile Edge Computing
  • Optimization
  • TSP

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 2


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