On the Performance of Multi-Gateway LoRaWAN Deployments: An Experimental Study

Konstantin Mikhaylov, Martin Stusek, Pavel Masek, Radek Fujdiak, Radek Mozny, Sergey Andreev, Jiri Hosek

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A remarkable progress in the Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) technologies over the recent years opens new opportunities for developing versatile massive Internet of Things (IoT) applications. In this paper, we focus on one of the most popular LPWAN technologies operating in the license-exempt frequency bands, named LoRaWAN. The key contribution of this study is our unique set of results obtained during an extensive measurement campaign conducted in the city of Brno, Czech Republic. During a three-months-period, the connectivity of a public Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) with more than 20 gateways (GWs) was assessed at 231 test locations. This paper presents an analysis of the obtained results, aimed at capturing the effects related to the spatial diversity of the GW locations and the real-life multi-GW network operation with all its practical features. One of our findings is the fact that only for 47% tested locations the GW featuring the minimum geographical distance demonstrated the highest received signal strength and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Also, our results captured and characterized the variations in the received signal strength indicator (RSSI) and SNR as a function of the communication distance in an urban environment, and illustrated the distribution of the spreading factors (SFs) as a result of the adaptive data rate (ADR) algorithm operation in a real-life multi-GW deployment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, WCNC 2020 - Proceedings
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728131061
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020
Publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
EventIEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 25 May 202028 May 2020

Publication series

NameIEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, WCNC
ISSN (Print)1525-3511


ConferenceIEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of


  • experiment
  • LoRaWAN
  • measurement
  • multiple gateways
  • performance
  • spatial diversity

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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