## Abstract

If G is a graph and P is a partition of V(G), then the partition distance of G is the sum of the distances between all pairs of vertices that lie in the same part of P. A colored distance is the dual concept of the partition distance. These notions are motivated by a problem in the facility location network and applied to several well-known distance-based graph invariants. In this paper, we apply an extended cut method to induce the partition and color distances to some subsets of vertices which are not necessary a partition of V(G). Then, we define a two-dimensional weighted graph and an operator to prove that the induced partition and colored distances of a graph can be obtained from the weighted Wiener index of a two-dimensional weighted quotient graph induced by the transitive closure of the Djoković–Winkler relation as well as by any partition that is coarser. Finally, we utilize our main results to find some upper bounds for the modified Wiener index and the number of orbits of partial cube graphs under the action of automorphism group of graphs.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 2027 |

Pages (from-to) | 1-13 |

Number of pages | 13 |

Journal | Symmetry |

Volume | 12 |

Issue number | 12 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Dec 2020 |

Publication type | A1 Journal article-refereed |

## Keywords

- Automorphism group
- Color distance
- Djoković–Winkler relation
- Modified Wiener index
- Orbit
- Partition distance

## Publication forum classification

- Publication forum level 1

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Computer Science (miscellaneous)
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)
- General Mathematics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)