Piezoelectric dual axis cantilever force measurement probe

Juhani Virtanen, Arno Pammo, Antti Vehkaoja, Sampo Tuukkanen

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    A piezoelectric cantilever force sensor consisting of a mechanical cantilever probe, an analog amplifier and an embedded digital signal processing unit is presented. The sensor is constructed from a lead zirconate titanate (PZT) piezo disc, which was cut into four segments and a 33-mm-long metal probe attached to it perpendicularly to the piezo disc plane. The signal of the piezoelectric elements was amplified with a four channel operational amplifier circuit having voltage gain of 10 (20 dB) in each channel and input resistance of 50 MΩ. The digital signal processing was implemented on an Arduino Due -based hardware. Signal pre-processing block consists of three cascaded digital infinite impulse response (IIR) filters were composed: A DC-blocking filter, a notch filter and a low pass filter. Additionally, a moving average filter was implemented to further enhance the system tolerance to power line interference and to reduce the sampling rate to 50 Hz. Finally, a LabVIEW software is used to provide an interface for the Arduino Due. The calibration of the system was carried out with a texture analyzer and it was capable of sensing biaxial forces in the range of 2 millinewton with a RMS error of less than 60 micro Newton and hysteresis in the order of 0.25 millinewton or 12.5% of the full scale reading. Cross talk ratio between axes was 25.3 or 28.0 in dB. The applicable force measurement frequency range was 0.5 – 10 Hz.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages7
    JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
    Issue number4
    Early online date31 Oct 2019
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2020
    Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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