Pore graded borosilicate bioactive glass scaffolds: in vitro dissolution and cytocompatibility

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Abstract

3D borosilicate bioactive glass (1393B20 and B12.5MgSr) scaffolds were prepared by robocasting, with and without a dense layer at the top. Pore graded scaffolds are promising as they allow for membrane deposition and could limit the risk of soft tissue infiltration. In vitro dissolution was studied in tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane (TRIS) and Simulated Body Fluid (SBF). 1393B20 scaffolds dissolved faster than B12.5MgSr in TRIS whereas they dissolved slower in SBF. The difference in dissolution profiles, as a function of the medium used, is assigned to the different rates of precipitation of hydroxyapatite (HA). While the precipitation of calcium phosphate (CaP) in the form of HA, first sign of bioactivity, was confirmed by ICP, FTIR-ATR and SEM-EDX analysis for both compositions, 1393B20 was found to precipitate HA at a faster rate. The presence of a dense top layer did not significantly impact the dissolution rate and CaP precipitation. In vitro cell culture was performed using human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs). Prior to cell plating, a preincubation of 3 days was found optimum to prevent burst ion release. In direct contact, cells proliferate and spread on the scaffolds while maintaining characteristic spindle morphology. Cell plated on 1393B20 scaffolds showed increased viability when compared to cell plated on B12.5MgSr. The lower cell viability, when testing B12.5MgSr, was assigned to the depletion of Ca2+ ions from culture medium and higher pH. Static cell culture leads to believe that the scaffold produced from the 1393B20 glass composition are promising in bone regeneration applications. Graphical Abstract: (Figure presented.).

Original languageEnglish
Article number17
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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