Preoperative measures predicting outcome after pancreatic resection in aged patients

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Abstract

Background and objective: High-risk surgery on aged patients raises challenging ethical and clinical issues. The aim of this study was to analyze the preoperative factors associated with severe complications and returning home after pancreatic resection among patients aged ⩾ 75 years. Patients and methods: Patients aged ⩾ 75 years undergoing pancreatic resection in 2012–2019 were retrospectively searched from the hospital database. Preoperative indices (Clinical Frailty Scale, Skeletal Muscle Index, Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index, Charlson Comorbidity Index, and National Surgical Quality Improvement Program risk for severe complications) were determined. Postoperative outcome was evaluated by incidence of Clavien–Dindo 3b-5 complications, rate of returning home, and 1-year survival. Results: A total of 95 patients were included. American Society of Anesthesiologists Class 3–4 covered 50%, Clinical Frailty Scale > 3 22%, Charlson Comorbidity Index > 6 53%, and a sarcopenic Skeletal Muscle Index 51% of these patients. The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program risk for severe complications was higher than average among 21% of patients. Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index showed high risk among 3% of them. In total, 19 patients (20%) experienced a severe (Clavien–Dindo 3b-5) complication. However, 30- and 90-day mortality was 2.1%. Preoperative indices were not associated with severe complications. Most patients (79%) had returned home within 8 weeks of surgery. Not returning home was associated with severe complications (p = 0.010). Conclusions: The short-term outcome after pancreatic resection of fit older patients is similar to that of younger, unselected patient groups. In these selected patients, the commonly used preoperative indexes were not associated with severe complications or returning home.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalScandinavian Journal of Surgery
Volume111
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Aging
  • frailty
  • pancreatic neoplasms
  • pancreatic surgery
  • preoperative evaluation
  • preoperative period

Publication forum classification

  • Publication forum level 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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